oblong, elliptic, lanceolate, oblanceolate, obovate, cuneate, subcordate
green, purple, white
March - October
0.5 - 5.0
Birds and mammals eat the berries. This plant is a special value to native bees and bumble bees.
Dry, open woods; floodplain thickets. In sandy or clayey soils in pinelands, mixed forests, savannahs and bottomlands.