opposite, basal (rosulate)
bipinnate, compound, pinnate
blue, purple, white
February - November
0.3 - 0.9
Seed germination is improved by cold/moist or cold/dry stratification (Steffen 1997). Seeds average approximately 1,200,000/lb.
The following information is for the genus Verbena: Animals that eat its seeds: Stilt sandpiper, Lark bunting, Cardinal, Junco, Field sparrow, Song sparrow, Swamp sparrow, Tree sparrow, White-crowned sparrow. Animals that the plant: Cottontail rabbit (Martin et al. 1951).
Sandy or calcerous soils, meadows, prairies, fields, woodlands, rocky hillsides, roadsides, pastures throughout Louisiana and Texas.