oblong, lanceolate, ovate
March - October
0.3 - 0.9
Seed germination is improved by cold/moist or cold/dry stratification (Steffen 1997).
The following information is for the genus Verbena: Animals that eat its seeds: Stilt sandpiper, Lark bunting, Cardinal, Junco, Field sparrow, Song sparrow, Swamp sparrow, Tree sparrow, White-crowned sparrow. Animals that the plant: Cottontail rabbit (Martin et al. 1951).
Dry mostly sandy soil of beaches, fields, roadsides, and backland prairies throughout Louisiana and east Texas..