frostweed, white crownbeard, iceplant, iceweed, virginia crownbeard, indian tobacco, richweed, squawweed
entire, serrate, toothed
August - November
1.0 - 3.0
A perennial forb from knotty crowns and fibrous roots. The lower stem winged with 4-5 wings which are absent from the upper flowering stem.
Attracts butterflies, native bees and honey bees.
Open, dryish woodlands and streambanks.
Leaves have been dried and used as tobacco by some indigenous peoples.