Lobelia cardinalis

cardinal-flower, cardinal flower
Family

Campanulaceae

Leaf Arrangement

alternate

Leaf Attachment

petiolate, sessile

Leaf Margin

crenate, dentate, serrate

Leaf Type

simple

Leaf Shape

oblong, elliptic, lanceolate, ovate

Growth Form

forb

Flower Color

red

Flower Month

May - October

Height (meters)

0.5 - 2.5

Milky Sap

Yes

Armed/Unarmed

Unarmed

Origin

native

Lifespan

perennial


Wetland Class

FACW

Wetland Coefficient of Conservatism

8

Field Characters

Forms a basal rosette with elliptical leaves, either entire or serrated, that contain milky sap. When serrated, small and large teeth alternate along the edges. Red flowers appear in mid-late summer on 2 m tall stalks.

Habitat

Ditches, ravines, depressions, woodlands edge, openings, stream banks, roadsides, prairie, plains, meadows, pastures, savannahs, near lakes or ponds, swamps, wet or moist soils.