oblong, elliptic, obovate, ovate
brown, green, yellow
April, May, July, August
Many fruits fall to the ground with their seeds still enclosed and become forage for towhees and other ground-feeding birds, as well as small mammals.
Rich, wooded slopes, stream banks, and uplands.
The wood is light and soft, not strong but durable. It is used for furniture and cabinet-making, and sometimes for flooring.