April - October
0.1 - 1.0
Leaflets mostly oblanceolate to obovate. , 10-25 mm long, 5 - 10mm wide.
The following information is for the genus Melilotus: Animals that eat the seeds: Greater prairie chicken, Gambel quail, Animals that eat the plant: Muskrat, Eastern cottontail rabbit, Antelope, White-tailed deer (Martin et al. 1951).
Melilotus indica is believed to be self-fertilized (USDA 1948). A native of the Mediterranean area, annual yellow sweetclover is now found throughout Louisiana and scattered over Texas.
Roadsides and waste places.