entire, denticulate, serrate
linear, oblong, lanceolate, oblanceolate, obovate
May - October
0.6 - 1.5
Not the showiest of wildflowers but this perennial often blooms the entire growing season. Seeds average approximately 160,000/lb.
Desirable to cattle as forage. A palatable forb readily eaten by all classes of livestock (Philips Petroleum Company 1955).
Grows on a wide range of soils and is found in prairies throughout the prairie region of the United States. In Midwestern prairies it is reported to prefer hillside sites. It is palatable, nutritious, and is readily eaten by all classes of livestock. Range cattle are reported to make good use of it in the spring (Philips Petroleum Company 1955). For these reasons it is a decreaser in native pastures that have been grazed heavily.
Dry prairies, oak-cedar hills, flats and openings, sandy or rocky woods, sandy prairies.