oblong, elliptic, lanceolate, ovate
March - May
Small tree with leaves having tips strongly acuminate and fruit that is purple at maturity.
This species is monoecious, but the individual flowers are dioecious, likely opening at slightly different times to fascilitate out crossing.
Fruits are consumed by passerine birds and waterfowl and it is browsed by deer.
Lowland woods, swamp forests, rocky edges of streams and ponds.