July - December
0.6 - 2.4
Leaves with few small teeth and fuzzy stems. Leaves 3-veined above base.
Propagation by seed is best and fresh seed germinates easily. Steffen (1979) recommends cold/moist stratification, possiably due to dormancy induced by long term storage.
The following information is for the genus Solidago with notation that available records are concentrated in the East: Animals that eat the plant: White-tailed deer. Animals that eat its leaves: Greater prairie chicken, Beaver, Eastern cottontail rabbit
A common species of old fields, ditches and low areas throughout Louisiana and most of Texas. It ranges throughout the eastern United States. All of the goldenrods were called "verge d'or" by the Acadians of south Louisiana (Holmes 1990). Many believe goldenrod is responsible for hayfever, but most of the blame goes to the ragweeds (Ambrosia sp.), which bloom at the same time and have inconspicuous flowers.
Ditches and damp or dry open places.
The larva found in goldenrod stem galls may be used as fish bait in the fall (Chase 1965).