elliptic, oblanceolate, obovate
February - November
1.0 - 4.0
Leathery leaves with reddish glands on the leaf underside. Black fruit.
Cattle seldom eat the foliage. Swamp rabbits, and possibly other small mammals, eat the leaves. The fruits are eaten by a variety of birds.
Low sandy soil, pine lands, pine barrens, swamps, bogs, wet woods, pocosins, savannahs.