Ilex glabra

inkberry, bitter gallberry, ink-berry, gallberry
Family

Aquifoliaceae

Leaf Arrangement

alternate

Leaf Attachment

petiolate

Leaf Margin

serrate

Leaf Type

simple

Leaf Shape

elliptic, oblanceolate, obovate

Growth Form

shrub

Flower Color

white

Flower Month

February - November

Height (meters)

1.0 - 4.0

Milky Sap

No

Armed/Unarmed

Unarmed

Origin

native

Lifespan

perennial


Wetland Class

FACW

Wetland Coefficient of Conservatism

7

Field Characters

Leathery leaves with reddish glands on the leaf underside. Black fruit.

Animal Use

Cattle seldom eat the foliage. Swamp rabbits, and possibly other small mammals, eat the leaves. The fruits are eaten by a variety of birds.

Habitat

Low sandy soil, pine lands, pine barrens, swamps, bogs, wet woods, pocosins, savannahs.