crenate, dentate, toothed
forb, shrub, emergent aquatic, aquatic
pink, red, white
June - October
Flowers have a purple center and is the largest. Leaves are alternate, toothed and unlobed. Leaves and stems hairy.
A wetland species that grows best in moist soil. Plant seeds 1/2 in deep during spring or fall. Seeds persists in open capsules after opening (June to September). It is best to collect capsules before they open and air dry. If capsules are harvested after opening carefully clip to prevent dumping seed and drop into collecting bag. Shake bag vigorously then screen seed in No 18 (1 mm) and a No 10 (2 mm) sieve. If weevils are present, place in plastic bag in a cool, dark place for 2 weeks with a no-pest strip. This species is tolerant of fire and a wide pH range. Seeds average approximately 30,000 seeds/lb. Seed burro screens 12/64 > 0/64 x 3/8.
Seeds eaten by some songbirds.
Marshes, floodplains, ditches, streams and along rivers.